Public law, arising from the sovereign right of the state; It has a coercive feature consisting of unilateral order-making and prohibition-setting powers and an approach centered on public interests. Administrative law is also one of the branches of public law and refers to the law applied to the organization, activities, personnel and supervision of the administration.
The basis of the field of existence of administrative law is 'administrative activities'. The 'administrative organization' established to carry out these activities ensures the functioning of the administration through 'administrative procedures'. In this context, it is possible to subject administrative transactions to a binary distinction as 'individual administrative transactions' and 'administrative contracts'. Again, 'public goods' are needed in the conduct of administrative activities; In this context, the issues of 'expropriation', which is the procedure for acquiring the necessary immovable property, 'public officials' who are the persons performing administrative activities and 'responsibility of the administration' that provides for the elimination of damages arising from the administration, constitute the main issues of administrative law.
The administration is endowed with superior powers for the purpose of protecting national security, law enforcement activities, public service, encouragement and support activities, internal order activities and planning activities. Within the scope of these superior powers, the administration also has the authority to impose sanctions directly. The direct sanction authority of the administration arises in many ways, such as administrative fines, disciplinary actions, suspension of activity, demolition decision, withdrawal of license, etc. Judicial audits of administrative procedures involving administrative sanctions are also carried out by administrative judicial authorities.
As Erikel & Partners Law Office, we provide legal contributions to our clients in all areas of administrative law.